[Previous Months][Date Index][Thread Index][Join - Register][Login]
  [Message Prev][Message Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next]

Re: [IPp] Insulin Antibodies

Debra,  here's what Medline says about Insulin Antibodies:

I cut and pasted it for you too:

Anti-insulin antibody test

Contents of this page:

20performed">How the test is performed</A>
or%20the%20test">How to prepare for the test</A>
l%20feel">How the test will feel</A>
20performed">Why the test is performed</A>
lts%20mean">What abnormal results mean</A>
re">What the risks are</A>
ns">Special considerations</A>
<A HREF="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/imagepages/10026.htm">Blood

Definition    <A
HREF="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/#top">Return to top</A>
A test that measures the presence of <A
against insulin. How the test is performed    <A
HREF="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/#top">Return to top</A>
Adult or child:
Blood is drawn from a vein (<A
e</A>), usually from the inside of the
elbow or the back of the hand. The puncture site is cleaned with antiseptic,
and a tourniquet (an elastic band) or <A
pressure</A> cuff is placed around
the upper arm to apply pressure and restrict blood flow through the vein.
This causes veins below the tourniquet to distend (fill with blood). A needle
is inserted into the vein, and the blood is collected in an air-tight vial or
a syringe. During the procedure, the tourniquet is removed to restore
circulation. Once the blood has been collected, the needle is removed, and
the puncture site is covered to stop any <A

Infant or young child:
The area is cleansed with antiseptic and punctured with a sharp needle or a
lancet. The blood may be collected in a pipette (small glass tube), on a
slide, onto a test strip, or into a small container. Cotton or a bandage may
be applied to the puncture site if there is any continued bleeding.

In the laboratory, a radioimmunoassay (a test that tags <A
making them
visible for study) is performed on the sample. How to prepare for the test   
<A HREF="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/#top">Return to
top</A> Adults:
No special preparation is necessary.

Infants and children:
The physical and psychological preparation you can provide for this or any
test or procedure depends on your child's age, interests, previous
experience, and level of trust. For specific information regarding how you
can prepare your child, see the following topics as they correspond to your
child's age:
<A HREF="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002055.htm">infant
test or procedure preparation</A> (birth to 1 year)
<A HREF="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002056.htm">toddler
test or procedure preparation</A> (1 to 3 years)
test or procedure preparation</A> (3 to 6 years)
<A HREF="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/002058.htm">schoolage
test or procedure preparation</A> (6 to 12 years)
test or procedure preparation</A> (12 to 18 years) How the test will
feel    <A HREF="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/#top">Return
to top</A> When the needle is inserted to draw blood, some people
feel moderate pain, while others feel only a prick or stinging sensation.
Afterward, there may be some throbbing. Why the test is performed    <A
to top</A> This test is performed if you are a diabetic and the insulin no
seems to control your <A
>, or you appear to have an <A
response</A> to
the insulin.

This test measures your immune system's response to insulin and the different
types of cells present. Your health care provider may use the test to confirm
insulin resistance, or to investigate to cause of your insulin <A
Normal Values    <A
HREF="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/#top">Return to top</A>
Normally, <A
/A> against insulin are not
present in your blood. What abnormal results mean    <A
HREF="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/#top">Return to top</A>
If <A
HREF="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003544.htm">IgG</A> and
<A HREF="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003544.htm">IgM</A><A
/A> against insulin are elevated, your body recognizes the insulin
to be foreign and may make the insulin less effective or neutralize the
insulin. Also, the antibodies may change the time that the insulin acts
putting you at risk for low blood sugar. This means that the insulin cannot
serve its intended function of moving glucose from the blood stream into the
cells. As a result, increased levels of insulin are required for the same
therapeutic effect. This phenomena is called insulin resistance.

If the test shows elevated values of IgE <A
against insulin, then your
body has developed an <A
response</A> to the medication. This could put you
at risk for skin reactions or rarely more severe widespread reactions. Other
medications such as antihistamines or low dose injectable steroids may help
to lessen the reaction. If reactions have been severe, an in-hospital
procedure called desensitization may be necessary. What the risks are    <A
Return to top</A> Risks associated with <A
e</A> are slight:
excessive <A
or feeling lightheaded
hematoma (blood accumulating under the skin)
infection (a slight risk any time the skin is broken)
multiple punctures to locate veins Special considerations    <A
HREF="http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/#top">Return to top</A>
Veins and arteries vary in size from one patient to another and from one side
of the body to the other. Obtaining a blood sample from some people may be
more difficult than from others. Update Date: 2/10/2002 Updated by: Mary D.
Ruppe, M.D., Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Johns Hopkins
Hospital, Baltimore, MD. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network.

    A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by URAC, also known as the American
Accreditation HealthCare Commission (www.urac.org). URAC's >accreditation
program</A> is the first of its kind, requiring compliance with 53 standards
quality and accountability, verified by independent audit. A.D.A.M. is among
the first to achieve this important distinction for online health information
and services. Learn more about A.D.A.M.'s >editorial reviewers</A>. A.D.A.M.
also a founding member of Hi-Ethics (www.hiethics.com) and subscribes to the
principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch).

The information provided herein should not be used during any medical
emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A
licensed physician should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and
all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other
sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute
endorsements of those other sites. Copyright 2002 A.D.A.M., Inc. Any
duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly


Barbara A. Petzoldt - Pump Mama to Zachary (12 1/2,  Dx 2/93, 508 2/02,
Paradigm  8/16/02) --------Jennifer (20), Allison (17), Rachel (6)
Fenton, MO
email @ redacted
Independent Kitchen Consultant for THE PAMPERED CHEF.

[demime 0.98e removed an attachment of type image/jpeg which had a name of Rainbow.jpg]
for HELP or to subscribe/unsubscribe, contact: