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[IPp] Mom's Vitamin D Intake Cuts Baby's Diabetes Risk

 Ah, I'm glad they finally found the cause... my lack of vitamin D caused Cole's
Rachel ::(

Mom's Vitamin D Intake Cuts Baby's Diabetes Risk
 Mon Dec 15, 3:47 PM ET
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 NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - A pregnant woman's intake of vitamin D from a
regular diet -- but not from supplements -- protects her infant against
developing the "autoimmune" form of diabetes.
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 Insulin-dependent diabetes can occur when the islet cells in the pancreas that
produce insulin are knocked out by an abnormal immune attack against "self"
tissues -- an autoimmune reaction.

 Dr. Jill M. Norris and colleagues from the University of Colorado Health
Science Center, in Denver, looked to see if maternal intake of vitamin D,
omega-3 fatty acids, and omega-6 fatty acids during pregnancy affected the
appearance of islet autoimmunity in offspring.

 They asked 233 mothers of children newly recruited to the Diabetes Autoimmunity
Study in the Young (DAISY) to recall their food and nutritional supplement
intake during pregnancy, using a standard food questionnaire.

 The researchers then followed the children for a mean of 4 years for the
appearance of autoantibodies directed against insulin or islet proteins.

 Sixteen children developed at least one type of autoantibody during follow-up,
the team reports in the December issue of Diabetes Care.

 Analysis showed that high maternal intake of vitamin D through food was linked
to a decreased risk of islet autoantibodies occurring in offspring. The group of
mothers with affected children had an average daily vitamin D intake in food of
167.6 units, while the group with unaffected children had an average intake of
252.3 units.

 "Interestingly, we did not find an association between vitamin D intake via
supplements and islet autoantibodies, which is similar to observations in
another epidemiological study," the authors write.

 The reason for this "is not clear," but it could be due to differences in the
way vitamin D is absorbed from food and supplements, or perhaps to the presence
of an unidentified nutrient in vitamin D-containing foods.

Diabetes Care 2003;26:3237-3242. 

Rachel - email @ redacted

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