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[IPu] Health Probs in Babies of T2 Diabeteic Mothers (From the American Diabetes Assn)

 In Diabetes Today


Major Health Problems in Babies of Diabetic Mothers on the Rise-- Increase
Coincides with Earlier Onset of Type 2 in Young Women -

ALEXANDRIA, Va., Jan 27, 2005 /PRNewswire via COMTEX/ -- During the past
decade, babies born to women with type 2 diabetes have shown an increasing
number of serious health problems -- including stillbirth and birth defects,
such as brain, spine and heart congenital malformations that can lead to
infant deaths, according to a study published in the February issue of
Diabetes Care.

The study, by researchers at the Department of Obstetrics in Copenhagen
University Hospital, Rigshospitalet in Denmark, found that babies born to
women with type 2 diabetes fared worse than those born to women with type 1
diabetes, and worse than those born to women with no diabetes at all. The
problem also appears to be increasing; babies born to women with type 2
diabetes during 1996-2001 developed far more serious health problems than
those born to women with type 2 diabetes from 1982-90. In the earlier study
group, there were no incidents of major congenital malformations or perinatal
mortality (deaths before birth or during the first week of life); in the later
study group, there were 4 of each, a rate of 7%.

During the same time period, the number of young women with type 2 diabetes
has been increasing, in part because of the rise in obesity in young women.
Unfortunately, women who have been newly diagnosed may not fully understand
the importance of maintaining good control of blood sugar levels during the
childbearing years. Previous studies show that if blood sugar levels are not
under control at the onset of pregnancy, the fetus is more likely to develop
serious health problems.

"It's possible that the earlier onset of diabetes may be associated with
increasingly poor pregnancy outcomes, but to say so with certainty would
require further study," said Dr. Tine Clausen, lead researcher on the study.
"Certainly, it's time to pay closer attention to the healthcare being
delivered to women who develop type 2 diabetes before or during their
childbearing years so that we can better protect their children."

Diabetes Care, published by the American Diabetes Association, is the leading
peer-reviewed journal of clinical research into the nation's fifth leading
cause of death by disease. Diabetes also is a leading cause of heart disease
and stroke, as well as the leading cause of adult blindness, kidney failure
and non-traumatic amputations. For more information about diabetes, visit the
American Diabetes Association Web site http://www.diabetes.org or call
1-800-DIABETES (1-800-342-2383).

SOURCE American Diabetes Association

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