Re: [IP] The diabetic label
I don't know if you all know this or not but there are TWO types of diabetes
Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetes Insipidus
Diabetes Mellitus, is what we are fighting here
Diabetes Insipidus is a LACK of ADH instead of Insulin
ADH is antidiuretic hormone.
That is why some call Diabetes Mellitus, Sugar Diabetes, for there is TWO
specific types of diabetes, which themselves are also typed down.
The word diabetes is derived from the Greek verb diabainein, which means to
stand with legs apart, as in urination, or to go through. Insipidus comes
from a Latin word meaning without taste. In contrast to diabetes mellitus
(DM), which describes the excretion of sweet urine, diabetes insipidus (DI)
describes the passing of tasteless urine because of its relatively low
Nephrogenic DI (NDI) reached North America in 1761, carried by Ulster Scots
who arrived in Nova Scotia, Canada, on a ship named Hopewell. Scottish
folklore reports the existence of the disease in Scotland before 1761.
According to legend, a gypsy woman traveling with her thirsty son is denied
water by a housewife. The gypsy woman curses the housewife, causing the
housewife's sons to crave water while condemning her daughters to pass the
curse on to future generations.
The basis of water loss in DI is distinct from water loss caused by DM. The
renal tubal collecting ducts are unable to concentrate urine secondary to
vasopressin deficiency or resistance. The collecting duct concentrates urine
by reabsorbing water, a function controlled by the posterior pituitary gland
via secretion of vasopressin or antidiuretic hormone (ADH). Reabsorption of
sugars, amino acids, and virtually all electrolytes is completed by the time
the urine has reached this segment of the nephron. Consequently, the
inability to conserve water by reabsorption in the collecting duct depletes
body water, but leaves sodium unaffected. The net result is an extremely
diluted, increased urine output resulting in hypernatremia. Polydipsia
follows as the thirst mechanism urges replenishment of body water.
The information that I have encluded here, will give you Ideas why some call
DM, sugar diabetes, instead of just diabetes. because there is DI or
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