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[IP] 7-2 Issue of On the Horizon

Below is a description of the 7-2 1999 issue of On the Horizon, which is
now available at http://horizon.unc.edu/horizon/online/html/7/2/

Please forward this announcement to colleagues who can benefit from a
print and Web-based periodical that focuses on signals of change on the
horizon that can affect educational organizations.

You may be in an organization with an institutional online subscription,
which you can see at http://horizon.unc.edu/horizon/subscribe.asp If you
are not, ask your librarian to request a 60-day trial subscription, which
will allow everyone in your organization to have access to OTH On-Line
without logging on (your e-mail IP address does this automatically).


ON THE HORIZON The Strategic Planning Resource for Education Professionals


School Reform: Rushing Backward Toward the Future
William G. Spady

"These are not happy days on the school reform front," Spady declares. His
complaint is not only with those who resist reform efforts, but also with
those who promote them. All fail to recognize, he argues, that today's
schools are the cumulative result of centuries of extremely limited
thinking about the nature of learners and learning, students' aptitudes
for lifelong growth and development, ways to organize learning
opportunities, and the pedagogies and processes that promote learning
success. Consequently, "iceberg" schools—institutions with rigid, outdated
pedagogies—continue to exist. Spady contends that true reform will result
in the establishment of Information Age Learning Communities that will
address, among others, these important questions: What major challenges
will our students face in the Information Age? What complex performance
abilities will this necessitate that they develop? What kind of expanded
access to high-level learning must we create for all of our students?
Spady elaborates on his vision for future-focused schools that will
prepare students for life in the new millenium.

Transforming the Role of Students and Teachers in the Information Age
James L. Morrison

Morrison praises Spady's vision of educational reform and provides an
example of it in practice. In his graduate-level course, "The Social
Context of Educational Leadership," Morrison focuses on the challenges
that students are likely to face in their careers in the Information Age
and on the skills they need to face these challenges successfully. He
insists that, in a world where the professional knowledge base is changing
rapidly, these prospective administrators must be able to use information
technology tools competently. He therefore requires all class members to
design a Web site, to research both individual and team papers through
Internet search engines, to create presentations with PowerPoint software,
and to post their work to their Web pages and thus make it accessible to
other professional educators. How do students respond? Find out in "From
the Editor."

Rights or Responsibilities? Trends in Special Education Law
Debora L. Scheffel and Mark H. Scheffel

In 1997, Congress amended the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
(IDEA) to specify that, if a student not yet deemed eligible for special
education violates a code of conduct and is subject to disciplinary
action—and if the school "had knowledge" of the student's disabilities
before the improper conduct occurred—then that student my invoke the
protection of the IDEA. Given the increasing enrollments of special
education students and the expanding social definitions of "disability,"
what are the implications of this new provision? Scheffel and Scheffel
examine the various meanings of "had knowledge" and cast a critical light
on the well-intended legislation. They warn that "when rights are extended
without reference to personal responsibility, and responsibility is
negated by associating any behavior with exceptionality," some students
may take advantage of the law to escape justified punishment.

Technology PC System Architecture and Support Costs
Bart Binning

Two years ago, the Gartner Group estimated that, for corporations, the
total annual costs of owning and operating personal computers exceeds
$10,000 per installed PC. What accounts for this exorbitant figure?
Binning explains that end-user operations and technical support eat up big
bucks; he then suggests that companies interested in decreasing their
technology expenditures adopt one of three relatively new computer network
architecture models. Each model focuses on reducing costs by moving
applications from the client desktop computer to a server in order to
centralize management. Which one is right for your company? Read on to

Corporate Universities: Just-in-Time Learning
Michael D. Kull

Kull examines the goals and operations of corporate universities, one
permutation of the general trend toward an expanded and diversified
education market. "Instead of relying on the country's education system to
furnish packaged solutions in the form of new graduates," he writes, many
"organizations want education to be delivered to the right people at the
right time in the right way: just-in-time." For some corporations, the
"right" solution is an independent, company-run university. For others, it
is an educational alliance with an existing university; consequently,
educators should pay more attention to the business market and to how
traditional brick-and-mortar institutions can better serve it. After all,
Kull reminds readers, "partnering represents the next step in the
evolution of a knowledge economy."

Eco-Insights and Transformational Politics
Daniel Neal Graham

Transformational politics. Eco-philosophy. "Green" economics. For those
unfamiliar with these interdisciplinary areas of study, Graham offers an
engaging look at the increasingly common academic cross-fertilization of
the natural and social sciences. The two disciplines "have become
necessary complements," he argues, and academic administrators should
consider that fact when designing college courses.

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