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[IP] Resources - Types; But who to believe?

Type 1.5 Diabetes



A short history of types of Diabetes.



Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA) is a form of type 1 diabetes
which is diagnosed in individuals who are older than the usual age of onset
of type 1 diabetes. It is frequently confused with type 2 diabetes.



Definition: Insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (Type 1) is an inflammatory
autoimmune disease of the pancreas, resulting in a lack of insulin.


*	Type 2 diabetes (non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus) Insulin
concentrations are mostly increased but peripheral tissues are resistant to
insulin (insulin resistance). Beta cells are not able increase secretion of
insulin to overcome this resistance. Type 2 diabetes usually develops after
40 years of age in overweight people, lately in obese adolescents. 
*	Gestational diabetes mellitus: as type II is characterized by
insulin resistance, usually is mild, but show risk of later development of
diabetes 2 type. 
*	MODY (maturity onset diabetes of the young) - single-gene disorder,
early onset, strong family history, present as type 2 diabetes, which gene
is involved change clinical outcome of disease. 
*	LADA (latent Autoimmune Diabetes of Adulthood) or type 1.5 diabetes
- a slowly progressive form of type 1 diabetes mellitus. Patients are often
diagnosed as type II diabetes, but have positive pancreatic islet
antibodies, especially to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD). They do not
immediately require insulin for treatment, are often not overweight, and
have little or no resistance to insulin. 


&DiseaseID=23  John Hopkins Medical
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